Raspberry





The Raspberry (Rubus Idoeus) occurs wild plentifully in the

woods of Scotland, where children gather the fruit early in summer.

It is also found growing freely in some parts of England--as in the

Sussex woods--and bearing berries of as good a quality as that of

the cultivated Raspberry, though not so large in size.



Another name for the fruit is Framboise, which is [460] a French

corruption of the Dutch word brambezie, or brambleberry.



Again, the Respis, or Raspberry, was at one time commonly known

in this country as Hindberry, or the gentler berry, as distinguished

from one of a harsher and coarser sort, the Hartberry. Respberry

signifies in the Eastern Counties of England a shoot, or sucker, this

name being probably applied because the fruit grows on the young

shoots of the previous year. Raspberry fruit is fragrant and cooling,

but sugar improves its flavour. Like the strawberry, if eaten without

sugar and cream, it does not undergo any acetous fermentation in

the stomach, even with gouty or strumous persons. When combined

with vinegar and sugar it makes a liqueur which, if diluted with

water, is most useful in febrile disorders, and which is all excellent

addition to sea stores as preventive of scurvy.



The Latins named this shrub the bramble of Ida, because it grew

in abundance on that classic mountain where the shepherd Paris

adjudged to Venus the prize for beauty--a golden apple--on which

was divinely inscribed the words, Detur pulchriori--Let this be

awarded to the fairest of womankind.



The fresh leaves of the Raspberry are the favourite food of kids.

There are red, white, yellow, and purple varieties of this fruit. Heat

develops the richness of its flavour; and Raspberry jam is the prince

of preserves.



Again, a wine can be brewed from the fermented juice, which is

excellent against scurvy because of its salts of potash--the citrate

and malate.



Raspberry vinegar, made by pouring vinegar repeatedly over

successive quantities of the fresh fruit, is a capital remedy for sore

throat from cold, or of the [461] relaxed kind; and when mixed with

water it furnishes a most refreshing drink in fevers. But the berries

should be used immediately after being gathered, as they quickly

spoil, and their fine flavour is very evanescent. The vinegar can be

extemporised by diluting Raspberry jelly with hot vinegar, or by

mixing syrup of the fruit with vinegar.



In Germany a conserve of Raspberries which has astringent effects

is concocted with two parts of sugar to one of juice expressed from

the fruit. Besides containing citric and malic acids, the Raspberry

affords a volatile oil of aromatic flavour, with crystallisable sugar,

pectin, colouring matter, mucus, some mineral salts, and water.



Gerard says: The fruit is good to be given to them that have weake,

and queasie stomackes.



A playful example of the declension of a Latin substantive is given

thus:--



Musa, Musoe,

The Gods were at tea:

Musoe, Musam,

Eating Raspberry jam:

Musa, Musah,

Made by Cupid's mamma.





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