(Crithmum maritimum, Linn.), a European perennial of the

Umbelliferae, common along rocky sea coasts and cliffs beyond the reach

of the tide. From its creeping rootstocks short, sturdy, more or less

widely branched stems arise. These bear two or three thick, fleshy

segmented leaves and umbels of small whitish flowers, followed by

yellow, elliptical, convex, ribbed, very light seeds, which rarely

retain their germinating power more than a year. In gardens the seed is

therefore generally sown in the autumn as soon as mature in fairly rich,

light, well-drained loam. The seedlings should be protected with a mulch

of straw, leaves or other material during winter. After the removal of

the mulch in the spring no special care is needed in cultivation. The

young, tender, aromatic and saline leaves and shoots are pickled in

vinegar, either alone or with other vegetables.