Begins To Appear Moist

When an inch tall the seedlings should be pricked out 2 inches apart in

other, deeper flats and when about 4 inches tall set in the garden about

1 foot asunder in rows about 18 inches apart. When once established they

may be increased readily by the artificial means mentioned. (See page

34.) Ordinary clean cultivation throughout the season, the removal of

dead parts, and care to prevent the plants from spreading unduly, are
r /> the only requisites of cultivation. Preferably the soil should be poor,

rather dry, little if at all enriched and in a sunny place. The foliage

of seedling plants or plants newly spring-set should be ready for use by

midsummer; that of established plants from early spring until late

autumn. For home use and market it should be cured as recommended on

page 25, the leaves being very thinly spread and plentifully supplied

with air because of their succulence. The temperature should be rather


Uses.--The foliage is widely used for flavoring soups, stews, sauces,

and dressings, and, when fresh, to a small extent with salads. Otto or

oil of balm, obtained by aqueous distillation from the "hay," is a pale

yellow, essential and volatile oil highly prized in perfumery for its

lemon-like odor, and is extensively employed for flavoring various